This user’s manual assumes that there is an overarching national agricultural policy. Such a policy informs the mission, direction or mandate of organisations, both large government organisations, such as government ministries and small non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that comprise a national agricultural sector. A national agricultural policy can be explicit – as in a stated government manifesto, white paper or other document, or the policy can be implicit – inferred from speeches delivered by representatives from ministries of agriculture, planning, finance or from other ministries over the course of time. National agricultural policies shape the vision of an organisation and influence its future strategic direction. Agricultural policies and ICM strategy are intertwined in a continuous iterative feedback loop of – definition, implementation, monitoring, assessment, adjustment and redefinition. At each point in the loop, assessment, adjustment and redefinition can be done. Consequently an ICM strategy is not “cast in stone” and should be revisited, as new or revised agricultural policies are formulated, as new information needs are recognised and astechnology and global developments influence the local economy.